For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. For other geographical names that include "Northwest", see Northwest. Northwest Territories Territoires du Nord-Ouest (French) Nunatsiaq (Inuinnaqtun) ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ (Inuktitut) Flag Coat of arms Motto: (No official motto) Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Largest metro Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ Demonym Northwest Territorian Government Type Commissioner George Tuccaro Premier Bob McLeod (Consensus government, no party affiliations) Legislature Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament) House seats 1 of 308 (0.3%) Senate seats 1 of 105 (1%) Confederation July 15, 1870 (Hudson's Bay Company cedes territory to Canada) (6th) Area  Ranked 3rd Total 1,346,106 km2 (519,734 sq mi) Land 1,183,085 km2 (456,792 sq mi) Water (%) 163,021 km2 (62,943 sq mi) (12.1%) Proportion of Canada 13.5% of 9,984,670 km2 Population Ranked 11th Total (2011) 41,462  Density (2011) 0.04 /km2 (0.10 /sq mi) GDP Ranked 11th Total (2011) C$4.791 billion Per capita C$108,394 (1st) Abbreviations Postal NT ISO 3166-2 CA-NT Time zone UTC-7 Postal code prefix X0, X1 (Yellowknife) Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Larch Bird Gyrfalcon Website www.gov.nt.ca The Northwest Territories (NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, TNO) is a territory of Canada. With a population of 41,462 in 2011 and an estimated population of 43,537 in 2013, the Northwest Territories is the most populous territory in Northern Canada. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission. The Northwest Territories entered the Canadian Confederation July 15, 1870, but the current borders were formed April 1, 1999, when the territory was subdivided to create Nunavut via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act. While neighbouring Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate and is mostly boreal forest (taiga), although portions of the territory lie north of the tree line, and its most northern regions form part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
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