at home physio treatment

While you plan an awesome summer adventure, you're probably considering every risk factor known to the outdoorsman / woman and then some. Every thing from chapstick to an ultra lite first aid kit to prepare you for the unexpected. [caption id="attachment_197764" align="alignleft"... Read Full Article

Share your favorite camping story! Just leave a comment the bottom of this page. I was at Christina Lake BC in July (2009) and the warm water, large camp sites and great campground managers makes it a top destination for family camping in my books! [caption... Read Full Article

Free Camping in British Columbia is available at over 1100 forest service sites across the province. Enjoy the links and other information on this page to help you find your next free camping campsite. Also consider the "cons" to free camping as there are no services at most free campsites. Noise levels and rowdy behaviour is not managed, so be prepared to leave for alternate campsites or ignore music you may not enjoy.

Crown Land Camping in British Columbia is a resource accessible to all Canadian residents. Yes, not only in BC but in all provinces. This article provides resources of how where and when to use Crown Land. Leave a comment below with crown land questions and it will be answered!

Survival guide How to survive a forest fire while hiking

Forest fires have become five times more frequent and six-time more destructive in recent times due to global warming and climate change. Take your ten hiking essentials such as Binocular,  Read Full Article

Camping and trails at Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania Hiking Trails on Mount Kilimanjaro are most famous known as Kilimanjaro routes. Kilimanjaro routes are Marangu, Rongai, Machame, Lemosho, Shira, Thomas Glacier route, Shira and Northern circuit-... Read Full Article

Stocking Derickson Lake with 2000 fingerlings hs by helicopter.

The wonderful thing about this place we live in is the incredible beauty and the ability to get away from it all. The solitude and privacy we find when trekking in the British Columbia outback is lovely and coveted by folks worldwide, when so many of we humans live in communities... Read Full Article  ... Read Full Article

23 Ways Hiking Makes You Healthier The best way to expand your management skills is with hiking expedition. Discover yourself with the magical experiences you obtain with hiking outdoors. There are many pieces of research which have proved that hiking even helps to fight... Read Full Article

High Rim Trail Logo

[caption id="attachment_198725" align="aligncenter" width="774"] Read Full Article

A day in the life of Derickson Trapline by Ray Derickson. A trapper in the Okanagan. Gentleman this is an update on Derickson Family Trap Line Saturday March 04, 2017 Thumper & Amber drove me to the trapper cabin and met my friend Stan there and we unloaded  wood... Read Full Article

Filleting a fish can provide a boneless tasty meal from your catch of the day. 2 minute video shows you how. Don't gut your fish, fillet it!

Chemical/ Mechanical Starts and Special Effects REMEMBER: Check all fire ban notices for your area. Have water for putting out hot-spots. When leaving your camp, make sure your fire pit is cold to the touch. ... Read Full Article

Kelowna Physiotherapy at home for the hiking season!

While you plan an awesome summer adventure, you’re probably considering every risk factor known to the outdoorsman / woman and then some. Every thing from chapstick to an ultra lite first aid kit to prepare you for the unexpected.

Hiker walks on Mountain Trail

Hiker walks on BC Trail

The thing is, many of us who like to hike go a little farther and a little higher every year as we seek out new backcountry challenges and we haven’t found our limit. We risk a catastrophic end to an epic trip or in the least a really annoying injury that will require us to abruptly end our trip and limp back to the beginning or to a painful end. Take my friend for example; he planned, prepared, jogged and thought he was ready for the West Coast Trail only to find himself flying via helicopter after a knee injury. I believe pre trip training and preparation of the hamstring, hip flexors and gluteal muscle groups (a long way to say the “Core”) will go a long way to keep you healthy and realize your dreams.

hamstring, hip flexors and gluteal muscle groups

hamstring, hip flexors and gluteal muscle groups

Ignore the core and you may be calling your doctor or physiotherapist after your summer adventure for relief of one of the following types of injuries that are common to hikers.

Hiking Injury Categories


Camp for Free in B.C.

Free Camping In BC – please post your experience below!

View campgrounds near you and Free Camping campsites in the campround directory.

Over 1100 British Columbia Recreation Sites have been created throughout B.C. These campsites, many of which are free campsites are located near great hiking and fishing areas. Several hundreds Forest Recreation sites, now simply called “Recreation Sites”, and 200 trails are managed through service contracts or partnership agreements.

The Agreements are administrated through the BC provincial government division – RSTBC (Recreation Sites and Trails B.C.) in partnership with recreation groups, First Nations, forest companies, regional districts, private organizations and other entities. Of course, many visitors and other groups volunteer their time and services to help maintain recreation sites, trails and facilities across British Columbia.

There are three types of recreation sites:

  1. Managed with fees,
  2. Managed without fees, and (Free)
  3. User maintained. (Free)

At Canada/s Campground Directory, ( by visiting the home and allowing your geo location to be used when asked, all the Recreation campsites we have listed, will show on the resulting map on any screen. The results will show Free and Managed recreation sites, Provincial Parks, National Parks and my some of my own crown land places to camp for free.

Get the most updated information on Recreation sites and Provincial parks by visiting the official website  link that I have listed on each individual profile page for the campground that can be viewed after clicking the icon that represents it on the Campground Directory map at

Camp for Free on Crown Land.
Crown Land – administered by each province

Camping in Canada on Crown Land is always free.
(Yes this is True…Free Camping – one reason why I love Canada!)

When camping on Crown Land your power source is always close – just plug into the nearest current bush :-)…or just get one of those nifty solar panels that you can plug into!

The way to camp on crown land is to drive to a place you can safely park at. A good area to park is usually on some logging road. Try not to park on highways as your car may get damaged and more importantly could actually be a danger to other motorists. Once you have found a parking area just backpack to a vista or nice secret fishing hole and enjoy the great outdoors. …and bears…and cougars…bugs…etc (Don’t forget the toilet paper. Oh …and always flush!)

Crown Land - Camping and Hiking Trails

Interested in Canadian and British Columbian free crown land camping and hiking information? I have found and listed here an executive summary of the official crown land rules and regulations for Crown Land use in B.C. (page 4 of the document) In the comments below, I have posted several links to amazing Crown Land mapping tools. Continue reading “Crown Land – Camping and Hiking Trails” »

How to Survive a Forest Fire while Hiking or Camping

Forest fires have become five times more frequent and six-time more destructive in recent times due to global warming and climate change. Take your ten hiking essentials such as Binocular, Two-way radio and Compass along with you even you are on a small day hike
Forest fires are based upon something known as the fire triangle. A forest fire needs heat, oxygen, and fuel to spread. Destroying the supply of any one of these elements will help extinguish the forest fire. Ground fires occur at the ground level beneath the branches. Surface fires can be about 1.3 meters high. Crown fires generally spread through treetops. These are very dangerous. They might be fuelled by surface fire.

A larger percentage of forest fires happen due to human neglect
Seek professional medical help immediately after reaching a nearby town. You might have unnoticed burns, or you could have inhaled the smoke, both of which needs to be assessed properly by a doctor — victims of traumatic experiences such as getting caught in a wildfire tent to suffer from anxiety disorders like PTS. If you or anyone you know who has recently survived a wildfire is experiencing symptoms such as insomnia, depression, and anxiety, make sure to consult a psychiatrist. For more information on surviving a wildfire, visit

how to survive a forest fire while hiking

Mount Kilimanjaro Camping & Hiking Trails in Tanzania

Camping and trails at Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania

Hiking Trails on Mount Kilimanjaro are most famous known as Kilimanjaro routes. Kilimanjaro routes are Marangu, Rongai, Machame, Lemosho, Shira, Thomas Glacier route, Shira and Northern circuit- these are used to ascend up summit. Mweka is Kilimanjaro trail used to descend down when climbers use Machame, Lemosho, Shira, Northern circuit route and Thomas Glacier

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro scores high on countless ultimate to do lists on Mountaineering trip in Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa snow giant which rise from savannah to alpine height of 5895m. Mount Kilimanjaro is a strato volcano with vivid 3 Volcano peaks of Kibo 5895m, Mawenzi 5149 m and Shira plateau 3962m.

Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo peak forms Mount Kilimanjaro. Kibo is highest peak having height 5895 m above sea level, hence makes Kiilimanjaro highest mountain in Africa

The first attempt to climb Kilimanjaro was in 1861 but failed, however 1889 German Geographer and mountaineer did it well to summit, and was first foreigner to summit Kilimanjaro. Reaching the summit, Kibo peak feels like being on top of Africa because Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest Mountain in Africa to date.

Adults and children from 12 above can climb Kilimanjaro; just have normal health and average fitness. Kilimanjaro trekking is not just reaching the top but Kilimanjaro is a journey from tropics to the arctic and back. The high you ascend, the colder it gets. Mount Kilimanjaro has several major climatic zones. Tropical region, dense and montane forest with primates, antelopes, birds and even elephants. After forest you get this zone Bush, grass heath and moorland, then alpine desert.

Beautiful Mount Kilimanjaro view inspire travelers to book Kilimanjaro trekking deals

There are nature trails which lead you to summit Kilimanjaro, the alpine desert. These nature trails have been studied and approved to be safe for climbers and all tourists. Walking distance and altitude ranges are calculated to make sure mountaineers are comfort and safe, hence there are established stations for accommodation, rest and meals. These stations can be well developed Mountain huts or Camp grounds which needs tents as a cover. In Mountaineering term, station can also be known as base camp. Marangu is one of these trails which lead to summit of Kilimanjaro and are well known as Kilimanjaro routes. Marangu route is only Kilimanjaro route which have Mountain huts for accommodation in each station.

Hans Meyer used Oldest trail up to Kilimanjaro Summit, known as Marangu route or nicknamed Coca Cola route.  However will not recommend or talk about Marangu route because has high traffic tourists. Furthermore, the alternative trails are fewer crowds and have more beautiful scenery, which is why many Travel Agencies recommend.

Camping and Camping grounds in Mount Kilimanjaro, for these trails below are: –

Other Kilimanjaro routes which lead you to Kilimanjaro summit Kibo peak are Machame, Rongai, Thomas Glacier, Umbwe, Lemosho/Londorosi and Northern circuit. These are used to ascend up top Kilimanjaro while Mweka trail is used as descent path for Machame, Lemosho, Northern circuit and Umbwe. Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is the challenging hiking and oxygen content of the air decreases as you hike up, note that oxygen level at top is 40% of that at Sea level.

Main Base camps which will be shared by all routes above are Shira Camp and Baranco camp, also these are used as base camps for acclimatization.

Each trail begins from different area, with varying altitude and vegetation/wildlife, how ever they can converge in 2 or 3 day.

Shira Camp:

Shira Camp is one of Kilimanjaro camp located in Machame and Lemosho nature trails

Barranco Camp:

Kilimanjaro trails Machame and Lemosho share barranco camp as stop over overnight and rest before proceed to base camp Barafu

Climbing to the Summit of Mount Kilimanjaro

Trekking to Kibo peak takes 5, 6, 7 or more days depending on the route and choice of climber. The more days the higher possibility to conquer the summit. An extra day in any station above 3000m a.s.l during the climb is highly recommended for adequate acclimatization. That is Why Machame route 7 days, Lemosho route 8 days; Northern circuit route and Rongai route 7 days have high success rates, almost 99%.

If you want to make tour and explore beautiful natural wonder attractions of Mount Kilimanjaro, you have to choose one of those routes. Now here we choose Lemosho/Londorosi route and hence you can read 6 campgrounds for 6 nights you will spend in Mount Kilimanjaro. Your ground handling tour Operator or Travel Agency will take care of tents, mattresses, food, water drink, mess tent, table, chairs, and all support team.

People planning to climb Kilimanjaro, can do training which will enhance lung capacity to breath and store oxygen. Climbing training ideas are useful to people whom their lifestyle is office works or lives near sea level. LINK on Kilimanjaro Agency – climbing trips (

Mount Kilimanjaro Crater Camping

Camping in the Volcano crater provides unique experience to visitors. During stay at the crater, tourists can visit the unique bench –shaped glaciers, these glaciers are formation which can only be found at Mount Kilimanjaro.

Adventure trip climbing and overnight at Crater camp is exciting to see Volcano and glaciers at base of Snow kibo peak

Credit to Kilimanjaro climbing Agency, based in Tanzania – East Africa

Kilimanjaro Travel Adventure Safaris Ltd


Web URL:


Stocking Derickson Lake

This video shows a lake being stocked with fingerlings from Penticton hatchery. It is a lake that’s never had fish. 
Begin forwarded message:
From: Norman Johnson <>
Subject: RE: Fish trout plantation
Date: September 25, 2018 at 3:16:00 PM PDT
To: Raymond Derickson <>, “” <>, Richard Bussanich <>, Raf De Guevara <>

Hello all

The latest news is that tomorrow afternoon they will be delivering 2,000  Pennask rainbow trout  at a size of 1.2 grams.  The weather forecast is good so we should be good to go. 

limləmt | Thank You

Norm Johnson
Facility Operations Biologist 
kł cp̓əlk̓ stim̓  Hatchery         
155 Enowkin Trail 
Penticton, BC     
Mailing Address
Okanagan Nation Alliance
101 – 3535 Old Okanagan Hwy
Westbank, BC V4T 3L7

T 250 707 0095 ext. 351
F 250 707 0166

—–Original Message—–
From: Raymond Derickson [
Sent: Tuesday, September 25, 2018 12:37 PM
To: Norman Johnson <>;; Richard Bussanich <>; Raf De Guevara <>
Subject: Fish trout plantation

Norm Johnson, Fish Biologist
RB, Fish Biologist
Brain Eli, Councillor, Westbank Indian Band Raf De Guevara, Westbank Indian Band, Aboriginal Rights & Title Andrea Alexander, Secretary of Council WIB

Dear Sirs:

Today is Tuesday September 25, 2018 and fish plantation day is Wednesday September 26, 2018 or (24) hours until we have fish planted in Derickson Lake and our joint progress has been roughly as follows:

* Derickson Lake Fish Study completed years 2015/2016 
* Letter of support from Westbank Indian Band to Howie Wright, Fisheries Manager May 22, 2018
* Wednesday September 26, 2018 will be fish plantation day by helicopter cannot provide exact time of day 
* Ceremonial and cultural fishery ceremonials held Sunday August 26, 2018 by Westbank Indian Band membership, Okanagan Language &  culture Instructor Delphine Derickson & Corrine Derickson, Masters Degree Student & Derickson Family Trap Line Trappers Steve  Derickson & Ray Derickson
*      Derickson Lake conditions determined to be ideal for rainbow trout fish plantation
* Okanagan Nation Alliance have contributed fish and donor stock for out plant
* two trained crew members for fish transfer and release 
* to be done follow up monitoring of fish harvest statistics & prepare biological material for ONA fish health lab
* other unmentioned duties & donations  

Contributions, efforts and time have been put forward by Government of BC Fishery & ONA & membership of Westbank Indian Band, all in support of this fishery.  Westbank Indian Band leadership please do submitt $(5000) financial contribution to Okanagan Nation Alliance re: letter of May 22, 2018.

Thanking You

R. N. Derickson      

Camping Etiquette in BC Mountain Lakes

The wonderful thing about this place we live in is the incredible beauty and the ability to get away from it all. The solitude and privacy we find when trekking in the British Columbia outback is lovely and coveted by folks worldwide, when so many of we humans live in communities sandwiched together like the proverbial sardine! So, when one throws ones gear into a boat and find ones own bit of peace and quiet, leave me the #u@*! alone! Oops, not that my partner and I have ever been interrupted enjoying some alone time at a discreet location on one of the many Oyama Lake islands or anything!

Here are a few unspoken rules that will make everyone’s outdoor experience sweeter when camping for free on our crown land. Especially on the private uninhabited islands speckling our mountain lakes where we should be able to claim them for a night or two and be left the hell alone!

tent and campers free camping on bc lakes and islands

  1. If you see a camp. Keep going and pass it by til you find your own space. 
  2. Don’t be invasive. There’s literally hundreds of other areas to explore. And you too will enjoy your space if all respect this simple rule. 
  3. Leave no trace. Yeah, like none!
  4. Which means no garbage nor food leavings. It’s bad to leave your stuff – the wildlife will lose its wild – this is a big issue!
  5. Toilet. Dig a hole. Bury it. No one needs to see where you were doing your thing.
  6. That includes toilet paper.

These basic 5 tenets make for a wonderful experience for all who follow you. And keeps our time in the wild natural and free.

23 Ways Hiking Makes You Healthier

23 Ways Hiking Makes You Healthier

The best way to expand your management skills is with hiking expedition. Discover yourself with the magical experiences you obtain with hiking outdoors. There are many pieces of research which have proved that hiking even helps to fight against cancer. It even helps the patients who are fighting hard against the deadliest of illness such as lung, colon as well as endometrial cancers. The team from the International Journal of Sports Medicine has analyzed the levels of antioxidants in the patient’s body who are suffering from breast cancer prior to and also after hiking. The levels were seen to be boosted after hiking.

If the antioxidants in the body are increased, then the chances for the body to fight against the infections will be higher and so will be the catalyze recuperation. So in short, we can say that hiking in nature will help to cope with every disease in a very effective manner since trekking and hiking are considered as the best “body friendly” workouts. In addition to this, hiking also helps to increase the lung capacity and increase the heart rates. Making hiking a regular habit will help in lowering your blood pressure levels by around 10 points and will even help to maintain or balance the triglycerides and cholesterol levels in the body.

Hiking even helps to boosts the respiratory and circulatory health systems, thus lowering the chances of stroke, respiratory, heart attacks, and many other similar disorders. Also, it is a known fact that the more you inhale fresh air, more active will be the lungs, thus pushing or pumping the blood flow and making you stay healthier. It is always better to take with you a hiking pole for walking support since pushing the body against the move will help to make your upper body muscles and heart work more.

You can check out the below mentioned 23 hiking benefits. Read more detailed benefits of hiking from

23 Ways Hiking Makes You Healthier


Okanagan High Rim Trail Association

High Rim Trail Logo

Contact the High Rim Trail Association and find out how to get your High Rim Trail Bumper Sticker.

Extra Extra, Read All About It! The Okanagan High Rim Trail Association has been born! A group of hard working enthusiastic outdoors men and women have been keeping the High Rim Trail open for years now. Having an official incorporated non-profit organization allows them to lobby for funds to  provide a safe working environment and fulfill many more requirements to complete the onerous task of clearing and marking the trail every year.

Learn more about the High Rim Trail Association and join the efforts that are providing this unique recreation corridor from Kelowna to Kalmalka Lake.

A Real Canadian Trapline

A day in the life of Derickson Trapline by Ray Derickson. A trapper in the Okanagan.

Gentleman this is an update on Derickson Family Trap Line

Saturday March 04, 2017 Thumper & Amber drove me to the trapper cabin and met my friend Stan there and we unloaded  wood brought from property of Derickson family below home of Arron Derickson and piled in front of trapper cabin, cuz we had no use for the wood in fire shed this wood is in slabs and good for developing table tops beside the steel chairs to sit around out-side fire pit this can hold the coffee & beer, etc. Now for an explanation of snow conditions at trapper cabin the snow is ab out (5) feet deep crusted & frozen & fresh & powder, etc. Thankfully it is not summertime and raining but if it were, we would be sure to purchase a good rain jacket!

Stan & RND went up Two John Trail and the snow quickly became powder & hard & crusty & etc, I got stuck in the snow about half way to Two John Creek bridge and took us about (30) minutes to dig the ski-doo out of the snow hole of (5) feet deep and as Stan was driving the ski-doo out of the hole behind him  and  the hole filled with snow from the (20) inch track of ski-doo so we decided to turn around before circumstances got worse like going into deeper snow, etc. Or we could say when ski-doo play or hard work is on the agenda be careful cuz the powder snow is extremely a difficult part of nature to understand, I really do not mind the ATV for the bush roads much easier to handle than 4 or 5 feet of snow.

We went to Derickson Logging corner checking for grey wolf or wolves or coyotes but found none: too much snow. There was two feet of fresh snow and the crows & ravens had a few sticks of bone to chew on, taken from a dead animal nearby,  but no sign of wolves or coyotes or Lynx Cat. But there was good sign of Lynx Cat(s) around the open cat cages but they did not go for the bait.

IF time allows I will rtn by March 20/17 just to do a day’s work checking the wolf snares and then at month end cuz wolf season closes at March 30/17 and then rest time till summer seaon or if I could see a bear that would be a good animal to skin and have tanned here at Westbank Youth Centre bldg.

How to fillet your fish

I love canoeing the lakes around Kelowna and catching the occasional fish while I boat around. I have never taken the time to really learn how to make the most of the fish I catch though. Since gutting a fish is a messy prospect and too much work for the amount of meat that is on a small pan frying fish, I have been simply releasing them. That is all changed now!

My friend has referred a video to me that shows how simple it is to make the most of your daily catch. With a few cuts using the proper tool or fillet knife, a small trout can provide a boneless delicious fresh caught delight.

Campfire Effects and Fun

Chemical/ Mechanical Starts and Special Effects


  1. Check all fire ban notices for your area. Have water for putting out hot-spots. When leaving your camp, make sure your fire pit is cold to the touch.
  2. SAFETY FIRST Fires are dangerous – chemicals in fires are even more dangerous – BE CAREFUL
  3. If you must use corrosive, poisonous, or inflammatory material, always mix and use chemicals outdoors,
  4. Follow instructions to the letter. Do not experiment, mixing chemicals can be dangerous.
  5. Never throw a lighted match into a mixture to ignite it,
  6. Avoid large quantities – more is NOT better.
  7. ALWAYS PRACTICE FIRST Try out any campfire effects before the actual campfire event.

LESS IS BEST Use ONLY the minimum amount needed to achieve the effect you are looking for.

When you practice your effects, check reaction times between activation and ignition; especially if you are planning a story or activity to coincide with ignition. The ambient temperature will affect the times. Usually warmer weather will result in a faster reaction. Also, there are often noises or smoke that will indicate when the chemical is activated.

Always have a “Plan B” ready if “Plan A” fails – because it will, sooner or later.

SAFE(er) and EASY – you can share these ones with younger Guides, but beware of developing pyromania in impressionable girls.

SALT – NaCl a sprinkle of salt on embers will give a small yellow spark and crackle sound. This effect will be overwhelmed in flames.

SUGARC12H22O11 A small handful of sugar tossed onto the embers will provide flashing sparks and quick flares.

IRON SHAVINGS – Fe If you put iron shavings into a fire they will burn with a “sparkle”, same effect is available with commercial sparklers, as they contain metal powder; just twist the wires to crumble off the ‘sparkle.’ These will be visible at any stage of the fire.

TEA LEAVES sprinkled on embers give a nice effect – too many will result in flames and the effect will be lost.

MAGAZINES – strong ink colours in magazines are made of many chemicals that will give coloured effects. Roll the page tightly and add to the embers so the colours are easily seen.

CHEMICALS (make sure your fire is well set – has a bed of coals – before using as the fire has to have the high temperature to get the effect your looking for. A big fire is not the kind of hot fire you’re looking for. A small campfire with a good bed of coals is what you desire.

In general, different chemicals will give a flame a different color. Table salt (NaCl, or sodium chloride) will give a flame a yellow colour, for example, from the sodium.

Note: SOME campfire effects below ARE UNTRIED…. I haven’t gotten around to trying all of these yet, many are components of fireworks, but may need admixtures to give a good effect. If you try them, please let me know how they go.

COLOURED FLAMES  and Campfire – FX (also see chemical starts below)

Yellow  potassium nitrate (salt petre), sodium chloride (table salt)

Orange  calcium chloride (“Road Salt”), Calcium Carbonate CaCO3 for a Reddish Orange – can be found in antacid, also the main component of seashells and agricultural lime. Chalk used to be made of calcium carbonate, but is now often made of gypsum (dihydrate of Calcium Sulfate which is also found as a hemihydrate in Plaster of Paris – may be worth a try if you have some at home to experiment with)

Red strontium nitrate – This one is awesome but a shot lived effect

Purple  lithium chloride – so so 

Blue Magnesium Sulphate – nice but short effect

Green borax, barium nitrate, copper sulphate, (copper pipe included in the construction of the fire will also give longer lasting green flames)

White Magnesium filings/ powder – very bright and quite long lasting, also makes lots of smoke – this is the stuff used as a base in flares, can also be used with other chemicals for longer lasting colours

Copper Sulphate – Blue

Copper Chloride – Green and Purple – Do Not Touch or breath this stuff unless you want a very sore stomach. Keep away from children. Keep away from water as it is a marine pollutant!!!!! – totally awesome long lasting fire effect.


Silver powdered aluminium

Gold  iron filings


Red  equal parts by weight of strontium nitrate and powdered magnesium

Green equal parts by weight of potassium nitrate and boric acid, powdered sulphur, powdered

SMOKE – Black gunpowder (I don’t recommend this one)

Delivering these chemicals can be done be laying them when the fire is made, or delivering them during the campfire by pre-making “shots” that can be flipped into the fire. A “shot” is made by creating a tightly rolled ball of paper, dipped in wood glue and the roll in a tray of the chosen

chemical. The chemical will coat the outside of the ball and react when thrown into the fire. Store these “shots” in an egg carton until needed – one “shot” per egg carton section.

Mechanical Starts

Steel Wool and “D” cell batteries are frequently used in survival techniques as an emergency method of starting a fire. Based on this principal, one camp fire start idea is to use steel wool in the fire lay (surrounded by small dry kindling) remotely attached to a car battery. The battery could be disguised by hiding in a box that would double as a seat for the Campfire Leader, with a switch on the side of the box to complete the electrical circuit and start off your fire.

The “Flaming Arrow” is a traditional favourite of Scouts. Drive a stake a little beyond the heart of the fire lay, as it is being laid. From this stake run a length of nylon fishing line up to a nearby high point and tie securely so that the line is very taut. The angle should be sufficient to ensure a smooth and

fairly rapid decent of the ‘arrow’ otherwise you run the risk of the flame burning through the fishing line before the arrow reaches the fire. The arrow should be attached on two spools, and have the kindling/ wadding securely attached. You need an assistant to light and release the arrow.

Chemical Starts

Starts with water – Crush 1 teaspoon of iodine crystals to a very fine powder (Note: The powdered iodine “evaporates” very quickly. This mixture must be used within about 10 minutes of preparation.)

Then mix with 2 teaspoons of powdered aluminium. IT IS CRITICAL THAT THIS MIXTURE REMAINS ABSOLUTELY DRY.

Place this mixture in the fire lay on a piece of plywood, forming a volcano shaped mound. When the participants are gathered around the campfire, ask if anyone has a canteen of water in case the

fire gets ‘out of hand’ (you may want to set this up beforehand).

Pat your pockets as if looking for a match, but finding none, ask to borrow some water. Sprinkle it on the fire lay (ensure a few drops hit the iodine/aluminium mixture) and you will be greeted by billowing purple smoke, followed by deep red flames.

A teaspoon of Pinesol or Pine Oil is placed in a shallow container within the fire lay. The story used to introduce this magic fire start is based on the ashes from a previous campfire. The “Ashes” are a half a cup of HTH Granulated chlorine. When the two are combined, they produce a large quantity of white smoke, followed by flames. This is a relatively slow reaction. I have never used this one with Guides as the Chlorine smoke is TOXIC.

Roman Candles – BRIGHT white shower of sparks – one of the easiest to make and use and most readily available. All you need is sparklers from the store and a cardboard roll. Tape the bottom of the roll closed and take one sparkler out of the packet. Twist the remaining sparklers in the packet until all the chemical is cracked off. Pour the granules into the roll. Usually 15 sparklers in the roll is sufficient for a spectacular candle. The remaining whole sparkler is used as the fuse. Insert the sparkler into the roll, making sure the granules come into contact with the chemical on the wire (try it upside down). The candles can be used beside the fire for effect, or used in the fire where the sparks will fall on the tinder to start the fire.

NEW: pour the granules into a skinny aluminum can with the top cut off instead of the cardboard roll. The can burns away and the effect is heightened by the bright white burn of the aluminum.

Conte’s Crystals and Glycerine – A small mound of Potassium Permanganate (two tablespoons) on a foil tart tray is hidden in the fire, surrounded by punk, but where the effect will be visible. The glycerine can either be dripped onto the tray (when adding ‘ashes’), or set up in the fire lay in a container with a string attached, or any other method so the leader can start the reaction remotely. Too much glycerine will smother the reaction. Experiment with this one to determine quantities and time. The reaction usually takes 20 – 30 seconds, depending on the weather. Cooler temperatures slow the reaction.

Wápupxn (Lynx) Transboundary Monitoring Trial - Derickson Trapline - West Kettle River, BC

The Okanagan Nation Alliance wildlife program is pleased to say that we’ve concluded our lynx live-trapping and collaring effort for the 2015-16 winter. Our target was to capture and collar three lynx as an operational trial toward a better understanding of lynx movements through the Kettle River landscape and genetic relationships to lynx in Washington State.

Three lynx, all males, were successfully captured, GPS collared, ear-tagged and released; all on the Derickson Family Trapline in the West Kettle River drainage, Syilx Territory. Trapping, handling and release went smoothly in each case. The ONA wildlife Lynx being tagged team will now move into monitoring each cat at least monthly by VHF radio with the intention of recovering data stored onboard the drop-off GPS collars later this year or as soon as practical in 2017. Each cat is permanently ear-tagged with small matching blue swing tags marked with a unique number and the letters “WDFW”. If sighted or reported, please convey the information to me!

Photos L-R: Trappers Ray & Graeme Derickson with Amber; Trapper Russell Baines with Russell; Amber in the live trap; ONA biologist Al Peatt with Thumper.

The capture and trapping team consisted of:
ONA wildlife staff: Al Peatt, RPBio (project lead & primary handler) and biologists Autumn Solomon and Alexis Friesen.
Trappers Ray Derickson (Westbank FN); Russell Baines (Westbank FN); Graeme Derickson (Westbank FN); and TJ Gooliaff (UBCO MSc student).

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To make this project possible, many other people and agencies assisted in project planning, support and implementation by provision of funds, supplies and/or expertise. These include: Dan Thornton (Washington State University); Jen Watkins and Joe Scott (Conservation Northwest); Scott Fisher and Paul Jensen (DNR); BC Min. of FLNRO; BC Min. of Environment; Washington Dept. of Fish and Wildlife; Ross Everatt; Dr. Barrie Hume; and Dr. Allan Gill.
Thank you all!

Live trapping with daily trap checks commenced February 27 on the Derickson Family Trapline in the upper West Kettle River drainage; a total of eight live-traps were deployed during several trapping sessions.

February 28: “Russell” a 12kg male lynx captured, successfully collared and released. Russell became somewhat trap-happy, has remained in the area. He was caught and released three times in total.
March 24: all traps disabled for the holiday and crew break.
April 7: four traps re-opened.
April 17: “Thumper” a ~13kg male lynx captured, successfully collared and released.
April 19: “Amber” a 9.6kg male lynx captured, successfully collared and released; all traps closed and live-trapping discontinued for the season.

Should you have any questions, comments or concerns please contact me!
Best regards, Alan

Alan Peatt, RPBio
Senior Wildlife Biologist
Okanagan Nation Alliance
(250) 707-0095 x213

Kelowna Boat Rentals

Renting a boat in Kelowna can help you reach various Okanagan Lake points of interest that most tourists (and residents) that are only driving through the valley will never see up close. Rattlesnake Island is my favourite natural tourist attraction that nature provided free of charge! It is historic for a number of reasons. Eddie Haymour and his misplaced efforts to claim the Island and turn it into a tourist attraction complete with a pyramid and other attractions added a colourful page to Okanagan’s history. The remains of his misplaced efforts can be viewed on the island. In 2003 the Okanagan Mountain Park fire began very close to the Island and many folks thought the fire started on the Island, which always amused me. 🙂 When I canoed to the Island several years ago, I launched from near Peachland and docked at this beautiful location: Rattlesnake Island Cove If you check out this video you will see rock cliffs to climb on and dive from.

Rattlesnake Island is not the only Island on Okanagan Lake. There are two island that I know of. The second island is less known and can be visited by boating near Carrs Landing or just off shore of Kopje Regional Park. “Roadside Nature Tours through the Okanagan: A Guide to British Columbia’s Wine Country” by Richard Cannings states, “…Grant Island, also know as Whiskey Island. This site hosts one of the largest Gull colonies in the British Columbia interior. …at that (1968) time the Island was renamed in honour of Jim Grant, a well known naturalist and mentor.” As I right this and view the area on Google maps I see that at Carrs Landing (just north of Grant Island and Kopje Park, there are two small islands, so that would make a total of four natural islands in the entire (approx) 100 km long Okanagan Lake.

If your entertaining the thought of renting a boat from Kelowna Boat Rentals to cruise the lake and enjoy the sun in Kelowna, Squally point is a famous cliff diving location. It is one of the several marine attractions along the shores of Okanagan Mountain Provincial Park and is located just south of Rattlesnake Island. In addition to diving, fishing and swimming throughout the Okanagan Mountain Park recreation sites, you can also appreciate Rattlesnakes as they bath in the sun (less know fact: the rattlers also swim to the island occasionally), view ancient pictographs and even camp overnight at the official recreation sites designated as marine sites. I could go on but I can’t say it better than the Provincial Government, here is how they state it. “A boater’s paradise, this wilderness park dominates the east side of Okanagan Lake between Kelowna and Penticton. Six marine campgrounds and secluded bays and sheltered sandy beaches tucked into the 33 km of undeveloped shoreline make water exploring a true adventure.” View their maps and get more park information about fees for the marine sites that may be charged.

While on the topic of Provincial Parks, it is worth mentioning there are several provincial parks that provide sunbathing, camping, swimming, boating opportunities, boat launches and much more. The most popular are Bear Creek Provincial Park – located opposite side of the lake from Kelowna, Fintry Provincial Park near Fintry BC on the west side of t he lake, Ellison Provincial Park located near the north end of Okanagan Lake, Okanagan Lake Provincial Park (two parks in one) located between Summerland and Peachland, Sunoka Provincial Park located at the south end of Summerland on your way to Penticton. You can camp at all those parks at regular provincial fees that are spiraling upward every year.

For a lower camping fee, if you do not want to camp at the marine sites on the shores of Okanagan Mountain Park and chase away rattlers, you can rent a boat travel north to Evely Recreation Site.

On Okanagan Lake, there is a never ending choice of beach fun. From the busy and packed beaches of downtown Kelowna to quaint but still packed beaches of Peachland to nude beaches (if you so desire and know where to look) to beaches for dogs off leash and quite private coves and beaches maintained by the city along Lakeshore road you will have fun. Enjoy the Okanagan and let us know what your favourite boating experience is in the comments below!

Sportz Truck Camping Tent - Styleside 5.5 Bed

I just ordered my new motorhome!

I searched on my laptop and while I searched my wife and son searched via smartphone for best prices on Ford’s tent accessory package option. I was surprised to see that there are not too many websites with deals on this tent in a box. I found the price on a few websites but when I called my local Ford Dealer their price was about the same, $289. I ordered it and it will be  here in a couple of days. After we use it for a trip to the east Kootenay’s I will update this post and write up a review.

Sportz Truck Camping Tent set up on Truck - Styleside 5.5 Bed

Sportz Truck Camping Tent – Styleside 5.5 Bed